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The endocrine system includes the:

HYPOTHALAMUS

The hypothalamus is an area of the brain that produces hormones that control:

  • BODY TEMPERATURE
  • HUNGER
  • MOODS
  • RELEASE OF HORMONES FROM MANY GLANDS, ESPECIALLY THE PITUITARY GLAND
  • SEX DRIVE
  • SLEEP

PITUITARY GLAND- composed of two lobes (anterior & posterior)

ADRENAL GLANDS
Secretes three hormones:
– Mineralocorticoids
– Glucocorticoids (cortisol)
– Sex Hormones (estrogen, androgens and progesterone)

 

THYROID GLANDS
Located in the anterior portion of the neck, behind the trachea.
Controls the secretion of the TSH and secretion of T3 and T4.

 

PARATHYROID GLANDS

  • REGULATE THE CALCIUM LEVEL IN OUR BODIES.

 

PANCREAS
Excretes the enzymes, aids w/ digestion
– Lipase
– Amylase
– Trypsin

Diagnostic Tests for Endocrine Diseases:

  • RADIOACTIVE IODINE UPTAKE
  • THYROID SCAN
  • GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST

 

ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND

  • GROWTH HORMONE (GH)
  • THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)
  • ADRENOCORTICOTROPHIC HORMONE (ACTH)
  • FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE
  • (FSH)LUTEINIZING HORMONE
  • (LH)PROLACTIN (PRL)

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