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Growth & Development


The Infant (20 days to a year)

  • Trust vs. Mistrust
  • Weight doubles after 5 months
  • Weight triple at 1 year
  • Avg. weight is 7-9 lbs.
  • Babinski, Moro and tonic neck reflex disappear.
  • 3- 6 months:  Infant now has neck control.
  • 9 months: infant can say mama or dada.
  • Solitary Play (alone)

 

The Toddler (1- 3 years old)

  • Autonomy vs. Shame
  • The toddler builds self esteem or shame
  • The terrible two’s   (No)
  • Toilet training starts

 

The Preschooler (3-5 years of age)

  • Initiative vs. Guilt
  • At 5, the child has about a 2,000 words vocabulary.

 

 

The School Age (6-12 years of age)

  • Industry vs. Inferiority
  • Associative Play ( cooperation)

 

The Adolescent Child ( 12-18 years of age)

  • Identity vs. Role Confusion
  • Secondary Sex Characteristics appear

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