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Urolithiasis NCLEX Review

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A quick review of Urolithiasis  (By: AllNursingNotes)

What is Urolithiasis?

it is a condition where urinary calculi is formed anywhere within the Urinary System.  It is the process of forming stones in the kidney, bladder, and/or ureters (urinary tract).

Causes of Urilothiasis:

  • Not drinking enough water. When you don’t drink enough water, the salts, minerals, and other substances in the urine can stick together and form a stone. This is the most common cause of Urilothiasis.
  • Medical conditions. Many medical conditions can affect the normal balance and cause stones to form. Examples include gout and IBS, such as in Chron’s disease.

DIAGNOSIS:

Physical examination– There is flank tenderness (side of the body between the ribs and hips).

Urinanalysis may detect blood in the urine.

Computerized tomography (CT) scanning of the abdomen without oral or intravenous contrast dye is the most commonly used diagnostic test.

Ultrasound can be another way of looking for kidney stones and obstruction.

Abdominal X-Ray is used to track its movement down the ureter toward the bladder.

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