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NCLEX Review & Nursing School

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MASTECTOMY:

  • Lumpectomy: the removal of the lump & sorrounding breast tissue
  • Single Mastectomy: removal of just the breast.
  • Radical Mastectomy: Removal of the breast, muscle layer and down to the chest wall.
  • – the axillary lymph nodes are also removed.

– removal of all of the breast tissue

  • Prophylactic surgery and breast reconstruction.

– preventive removal of the breast to lower the risk of breast cancer in high-risk people

Chemotherapy

Most common used chemotherapy drugs:

    1. Adriamycin (doxorubicin)
    2. Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide)
    3. fluorouracil (5-fluorouracil or 5-FU)
    4. Taxol (chemical name: paclitaxel)
    5. Taxotere (chemical name: docetaxel)

Most Common Side Effects:

  • anemia/low red blood cell counts
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue
  • hair changes
  • infection
  • mouth and throat sores
  • nail changes
  • nausea
  • neuropathy (problems with hands and feet)

Hormonal Therapy

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM)

  • – block the effects of estrogen in the breast tissue.

Intervention:

Post Mastectomy excercises

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