Skip to content

NCLEX Review & Nursing School

"The Largest NCLEX Online Review" "Nursing School and NCLEX simplified"

CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

  • – OCCURS WHEN THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT DEPOSIT OF FATS SUCH AS CHOLESTEROL AND CALCIUM IN THE WALLS OF THE CORONARY ARTERY, RESULTING IN THE NARROWING OF THE ARTERIES.

– it is a progressive narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries by atherosclerosis.

– Atherosclerosis lesions are composed of lipid, cholesterol, calcium and other blood components.
– Coronary artery disease contributes to angina, due to the fact that the blockage in the artery can decrease the blood and oxygen supply to the myocardium, therfore causign the angina.

Treatment:

  • ACE inhibitors to lower blood pressure and protect your heart and kidneys
  • Aspirin to help prevent blood clots from forming in your arteries
  • Beta-blockers to lower heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen use by the heart
  • Calcium channel blockers to relax arteries, lower blood pressure, and reduce strain on the heart
  • Diuretics (“water pills”) to lower blood pressure and treat heart failure
  • Nitrates (nitroglycerin) to stop chest pain and improve blood flow to the heart

NEVER ABRUPTLY STOP TAKING ANY OF THESE DRUGS.

Procedures and surgeries used to treat CHD include:

  • Angioplasty and stent placement, called percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs)
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Minimally invasive heart surgery

LIVE A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE

  • Do not smoke or use tobacco.
  • Get plenty of exercise, at least 30 minutes a day on at least 5 days a week (talk to your doctor first).
Advertisements

%d bloggers like this: