Skip to content

NCLEX Review & Nursing School

"The Largest NCLEX Online Review" "Nursing School and NCLEX simplified"

– Cardiomyopathy is a disease that affects the myocardial structure in the heart,
and therefore impairing the cardiac function.

There are three main types of cardiomyopathy.

  1. DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY- WITH THIS TYPE,  THE VENTRICLES ARE DILATED WITH DESTRUCTION OF MYOCARDIAL FIBERS LIMITING CONTRACTILITY AND CAUSING SYSTOLIC DYSFUNCTION.
  2. HYPERTHROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY- MYOCARDIAL THICKENING OF THE VENTRICULAR WALL AND SEPTUM CAUSING A RIGID VENTRICLE AND DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION.
  3. RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY- THE VENTRICLES BECOME RIGID WITH FIBROTIC TISSUE, CAUSING SYSTOLIC DYSFUNCTION.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

there is a dilation in both ventricles.

SYMPTOMS:

  • Fatigue
  • Palpatations
  • Dyspnea on exertion

Interventions:

Surgical Management: Heart Transplant.

 

♠ Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (Thickened)

Interventions:

  • Inotrpic agents (beta adrenergic agents)
  • Calcium Antagonists

 

♦ Restrictive Cardiomyopathy (Stiff)

%d bloggers like this: