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Cancer Treatments:


Chemotherapy can be used to:

  • Destroy cancer cells
  • Stop cancer cells from spreading
  • Slow the growth of cancer cells

Side Effects

  • Anemia
  • Appetite Changes
  • Bleeding Problems
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Hair Loss (Alopecia)
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Pain
  • Swelling (Fluid Retention)

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells.


  • X-rays
  • Gamma

The radiation may be delivered by a machine outside the body or it may come from radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells (internal radiation therapy, also called brachytherapy).

Cachexia– extreme body wasting and malnutrition.


  1. Fluid Shifts
  2. Severe Inflammatory Reaction
  3. Capillary Leak

***♠ The most serious side effect of Chemotherapy is BONE MARROW SUPPRESSION.

***♣ The major complication of intravenous chemotherapy is = EXTRAVASATION.

♠ Most common reaction to biological modifier tharapy:

  1. Fever
  2. Chill
  3. Malaise

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome= Pt. will have severe facial edema and epistaxis

DIC/ Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation– Severe bleeding in IV sites, dyspnea and tachycardia.


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