Skip to content

NCLEX Review & Nursing School

"The Largest NCLEX Online Review" "Nursing School and NCLEX simplified"

SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations,
delusions and disordered thinking and behavior.

Assessment
– person maybe socially withdrawn
– lack of personal grooming.
– hallucinations
– confused and disorganized thinking.

Antipsychotic Agents (Neuroleptic)

  • Used to treat psychotic conditions.
  • Blocks the dopamine receptors.

Antipsychotic Drugs

  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Thioridazine (Mellaril)

Antipsychotic medications are used to treat

  • schizophrenia
  • schizophrenia-related disorders.

They are called conventional “typical” antipsychotics:

  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Perphenazine (generic only)
  • Fluphenazine (generic only)

Atypical antipsychotics were developed:

  • Risperidone (Risperdal)
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon)
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Paliperidone (Invega).

The antipsychotics listed here are some of the medications used to treat symptoms of schizophrenia.

Side effects of many antipsychotics include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness when changing positions
  • Blurred vision
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sensitivity to the sun
  • Skin rashes
  • Menstrual problems for women.

 

ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY/ ECT

– ECT is an electric shock that is given to the brain.  The electrodes are placed within the temples of the brain.  What ECT does is that it gives the brain a shock that can usually cause and induce an artificial grand mal seizures.

Interventions:
– Client is NPO for up to 6 hours prior to treatment.
– Remove any dentures.

%d bloggers like this: