Skip to content

NCLEX Review & Nursing School

"The Largest NCLEX Online Review" "Nursing School and NCLEX simplified"

ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME

– ARDS or sometimes also called “Shock Lung”
When we talk about Acute respiratory distress syndrome, there is some respiratory insuffeciency.  The major causes for ARDS is VIRAL PNEUMONIA, FAT EMBOLI, SEPSIS, DECREASED SURFACTANT PRODUCTION, FLUID OVERLOAD AND SHOCK.
FOR THE NCLEX, IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW THE PATHOPHSYIOLOGY OF ARDS.

  • FIRST, THE LUNG INJURY CAUSES THE PLATELETS TO AGGREGATE.
  • THE PLATELETS THEN RELEASE SUBSTANCES THAT INFLAME AND DAMAGE THE ALVEOLAR MEMBRANE
  • THE FLUIDS SHIFT INTO INTERSTITIAL SPACE
  • AS CAPILLARY PERMEABILITY INCREASES, PULMONARY EDEMA RESULTS.
  • THEN THERE IS AN ALVEOLI COLLAPSE, IMPAIRING GAS EXCHANGE.
  • BECAUSE OF THIS, OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE LEVEL IN THE BLOOD INCREASES.
  • PULMONARY EDEMA WORSENS

ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE (ARF)
– The lungs are unable to adequately exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide due to an insufficient ventilation.
ASSESSMENT:

  • DYSPNEA (DIFFICULTY BREATHING)
  • USE OF ACCESSORY MUSCLES WHEN BREATHING
  • COUGHING
  • CYANOTIC

– In this condition, the lungs are unable to adequately exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide because of insufficient ventilation.  This is also referred to as shock lung or white lung.

CAUSES AND RISKS
– Direct Lung Injury
– Pneumonia
– Aspiration
– Chest Trauma

 

INTERVENTION

– Mechanical Ventillation

  • Negative Pressure
  • Positive Pressure
  • Volume Cycled
  • Pressure Cycled

– Endotracheal Intubation

 

%d bloggers like this: