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Respiratory Medications

♠ BRONCHODILATORS (*very common in the NCLEX)

– treats asthma symptoms

** Common three types of bronchodilators

  1. beta-agonists
  2. anticholinergics
  3. theophylline.

Most Common Beta Agonists (NCLEX)

  • Albuterol
  • Metaproterenol
  • Terbutaline

Albuterol (Ventolin)- A bronchodilator that can be used to help treat pneumococcal pneumonia.

General Side Effects:

  • HYPOTENSION
  • TACHYCARDIA
  • PALPITATIONS
  • ANXIETY
  • NERVOUSNESS
 

♥ Anticholinergics

Atrovent (most commonly used)  (short-acting)

  • * A type of bronchodilator
  • * it is different from beta agonists
  • * anticholinergics affect the muscles around the bronchi (large airways)
Side Effects (Anticholinergics)
  • dry mouth
  • blurred vision
  • glaucoma and dry cough
 

♠ Corticosteroids

– Neutralizes the inflammation, reduces the edema.

Drugs used in the treatment of the lower respiratory tract include:

  • Bronchodilators
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Prophylactics
  • Leukotrine receptor antagonists
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Respiratory stimulants
  • Surfactants
 

♦ Antitussive Medications

–  Decreases the Coughing
– Used as cough supressants

Medications

  • Codiene Sulfate (Codiene)
  • Dextromethormorphan (Robitussin)

Adverse Reactions

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache

Interventions

  • Do not drink fluids 30 mins. after taking medications.
 

♠ Expectorants
– Thins the sputum and bronchial secretions

♣ Mucolytics
Decreases the bronchial secretions by breaking down mucus.

♦ Decongestants

  • Promotes nasal drainage and passage
  • Used for nasal congestions

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