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STANDARD PRECAUTIONS

When we talk about Standard Precaution, we are basically referring to the UNIVERSAL Precaution.

Standard Precautions applies to blood, all body fluids, secretions and excretions.

STANDARD PRECAUTION includes:

  • Handwashing
  • GOWN
  • Mask
  • Eye Protection
  • Face Shield
  • The transport of Infected Clients

– Standard Precaution is always done in congruent with the other types of precautions.

Transmission-based Precautions includes:

A – Airborne

D – Droplet

C – Contact

Airborne Precaution

  • IS DONE WHEN SMALL DROPLETS OF INFECTED PATHOGENS ARE ABOUT ( 5 UM) ARE SUSPENDED IN THE AIR OVER TIME AND TRAVELS A DISTANCE OF MORE THAN (3) THREE FEET.

AIRBORNE PRECAUTION IS USED WITH THESE DISEASES:

Measles

  • MEASLES- OR RUBEOLA
  • CAN BE TRANSMITTED THROUGH BLOOD URINE AND DROPLETS
  • COMMUNICABLE ABOUT 4-5 DAYS AFTER THE RASH
  • TREATMENT: BEDREST AND ANTIBIOTICS

Chickenpox

  • CHICKENPOX (VARICELLA)
  • PT. WILL HAVE A SLIGHT FEVER
  • MACULAR RASH APPEARS ON TRUNK AND EVENTUALLY TURN TO CRUST.

Hez – Herpes Zoster (Disseminated)

TB – Tuberculosis

  • PRIVATE ROOM
  • NEGATIVE PRESSURE WITH 6-12 AIR EXCHANGES PER HOUR
  • UV
  • MASK
  • N95 MASK FOR TB

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