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Drugs Used for treating Hypertension:

♣ ACE Inhibitors

♥ Beta Blockers

♦ Calcium Channel Blockers


  • ACE Inhibitor
  1. – ACE inhibitors “blocks” the conversion of Angiotensin 1 to Angiotensin 2.
  2. – Alters the “blood pressure” mechanism through the renin-angiotensin system.
  3. Medications includes the “Pril” : Catopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Ramipril.
  4. Side Effects: Cough, tachycardia, nausea and vomiting.
  5. Give on an empty stomach or 2-3 hrs. after a meal.
  • Beta Blockers
  1. – Reduces the cardiac output and decreases the sympathetic nervous system response.
  2. – Blocks the beta receptor, causing a decrease in blood pressure.
  3. – Medications include the “olol’s”: Metropolol, Propanalol, Acebutolol, Nadolol.
  4. – Used for Hypertension, Myocardial Infarction and Angina.
  5. – Adverse effects can include: Bradycardia, Hypotension and Hypoglycemia (distrupts the liver’s ability to convert glycogen to glucose).
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  1. – Prevents the movement mechanism of Calcium within the cardiac system.
  2. – Therefore decreasing the cardiac workload, and cardiac muscle contractiliy.
  3. – Medications include the “dipine” : Dilitazem (Cardizem), Amlopidine (Norvasc), Nefedipine, Nicardipine.
  4. – Used to treat Angina.
  • Vasodilators (perheral)
  • Alpha Adrenergic Blockers
  • Diuretics

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