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NCLEX Review & Nursing School

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Eye and Ear Disorders

Rememeber for the NCLEX:

  • ♣ Glaucoma: Loss of peripheral vision.
  • ♥ Cataract: Loss of Acquity
  • ♦ Retinal Detachment: Photophobia & visual field loss


an opacity of the lens that distorts the image projected into the retina.


  • Blurred Vision
  • Diplopia


a disease resulting in an increased intraocular pressure

  • Intraocular pressure is the fluid (aqueous  humor) pressure within the eye.
  • Normal Intraocular pressure is (10 to 21 mm Hg.)

There are three main types

  1. Primary open angle glaucoma- most common and affects both eyes
  2. Acute glaucoma- also called narrow angled
  3. Secondary glaucoma- treat the underlying condition

When instilling ointments, apply it from inner to outer canthus of the eye.

Eye drops should be dropped into the lower lid, while the patient is looking up, tell client to refrain from tightly closing the eyelids.

Macular Degeneration

Disorders of the Ear

Conductive Hearing Loss- hearing aids can be used.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss- hearing aids have limited value

Prebyscusis- a sensorineural hearing loss associated with aging.


Meniere’s Syndrome


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