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CHOLECYSTITIS & CHOLELITHIASIS
– An acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder

Causes:
Cholesterol
Bile Pigment
Obesity

 

DIAGNOSTICS

  • Gallbladder series
  • Ultrasound
  • Liver Scan
  • Jaundice
  • Steatorrhea

 

Medical Managment:

Diet= Low fat, high carbohydrate, high protien diet.

Make sure to hydrate the patient: IV Therapy if necessary.

 

Medications

  • Meperidine (Demerol) = Analgesic
  • Cephalotin (Keflin)- Antibiotic
  • Prophantheline (Pro-Banthine)- Anticholinergic

Complications of Cholecystitis:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Peritonitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Cirrhosis

 

Surgical Intervention

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Cholecystomy
  • Laproscopic Laser Choloecytectomy

 

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