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GASTROINTESTINAL MEDS

Proton Pump Inhibitors
– helps supress stomach acid (gastric acid).

Usually used for:

  • Ulcers
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Mostly used PPI in the NCLEX exam:
  • Sucralfate (Carafate) SIDE EFFECTS: N & V, Constipation
  • Metoclopramide (Reglan)
  • Omeprazole (Prilosec)
  • Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonists
– helps suppress the secretion of gastric acid.

  • Used in patients with GERD

Medications to remember:

  1.  Ranitidine (Zantac)
  2. Cimetidine (Tagament)

Antiemetics
– helps control vomiting

* is usually used in patients associated with chemotherapy.

Commonly used Antiemetics (NCLEX)

  • Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) – Antihistamine
  • Meclizine hydrochloride (Bonine) – Antihistamine

Laxatives (Different Types)

  • Stool Softeners (Colace)
  • Bulk forming Laxatives (Metamucil)
  • Stimulants

* Helps prevent constipation.

* Helps Evacuation of stool.

 

♠ Commonly used Antiulcer Medication:

  1. Cimetidine (Tagament)- H2 (Histamine) Receptor Blockers
  2. Promethazine (Phenergan)- Antiemetic, Antihistamine
  3. Sucralfate (Carafate)- Antiulcer w/ very few side effects*
  4. Ranitidine (Zantac)- H2 (Histamine) Receptor Blockers

COMMON PROCEDURES w/ GI Disorders:

  • – Paracentesis
  • – Liver biopsy
  • – Gastroscopy

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