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Infection Control

Safety and Infection control would make at leas 10-13% of the NCLEX.

Standard Precautions

HIV and AIDS

– is always done in congruent with the other types of precautions.

Transmission-based Precautions includes:

A – Airborne
D – Droplet
C – Contact

Airborne Precaution

  • is done when small droplets of infected pathogens are about ( 5 um) are suspended in the air over time and travels a distance of more than (3) three feet.

AIRBORNE PRECAUTION is used with these diseases:

My – Measles

  • Measles- or rubeola
  • Can be transmitted through blood urine and droplets
  • Communicable about 4-5 days after the rash
  • Treatment: Bedrest and antibiotics

Chicken – Chickenpox

  • Chickenpox (Varicella)
  • Pt. will have a slight fever
  • macular rash appears on trunk and eventually turn to crust.

Hez – Herpes Zoster (Disseminated)

TB – Tuberculosis

  • Private room
  • Negative pressure with 6-12 air exchanges per hour
  • UV
  • Mask
  • N95 Mask for TB

DROPLET PRECAUTION
think of SPIDERMAN!
S – Sepsis
S – Scarlet fever
S – Streptococcal pharyngitis
P – Parvovirus B19
P – Pertussis
P – Pneumonia
I – Influenza
D – Diptheria (Pharyngeal)
E – Epiglottitis
R – Rubella
M – Mumps
M – Meningitis
M – Mycoplasma or meningeal pneumonia
An – Adenovirus

Private room
Mask

S – Sepsis
S – Scarlet fever
S – Streptococcal pharyngitis
P – Parvovirus B19
P – Pertussis – whopping cough
P – Pneumonia
I – Influenza
D – Diptheria (Pharyngeal)
E – Epiglottitis
R – Rubella
M – Mumps
M – Meningitis
M – Mycoplasma or meningeal pneumonia
An – Adenovirus

CONTACT PRECAUTION
MRS.WEE
M – Multidrug resistant organism
R – Respiratory infection – RSV
S – Skin infections
W – Wound infections
E – Enteric infections – clostridium defficile
E – Eye infections

Skin Infections:
V – Varicella zoster
C – Cutaneous diptheria
H – Herpes simplex
I – Impetigo
P – Pediculosis
S – Scabies, Staphylococcus

Private room
Gloves
Gownus

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