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– an inflammation of the meninges within the brain and spinal cord.

  • * Usually caused by Niesseria meningitidis, Group B Strep and Streptococcus pneumoniae

Assessment findings on the patient:

  • * Positive Brudzinski’s Sign
  • * Positive Kernig’s Sign
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Malaise

Nuchal Rigidity– Stiff Neck

Kernig’s Sign– Contraction or pain in the hamstring muscle when attempting to extend the leg, when the hip is flexed.

Diagnostic Evaluation:

  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Chest X rays


Nursing Interventions:

  • Administer “antibiotics” IV as ordered.
  • Patient is on respiratory isolation for 24 hrs. after initiation on antibiotic therapy.
  • Provide Bed Rest.  Keep room quiet and dark.



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